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PERSPEC✝IVA XIX 2020 nr 2 (37)

 
Słowo wstępne

W nauce jest bardzo wiele ciekawych pojęć. Jednym z nich jest «inteligibilność». Co ono oznacza i dlaczego jest wysoce inspirujące? Czy w ogóle jest sensowne? Przeglądając różne słowniki, dowiemy się, że łacińskie słowo intelligibilis oznacza «poznawalny». Już z tego wyciągamy prosty wniosek: wszystko, co charakteryzuje się inteligibilnością, jest poznawalne. Zatem cokolwiek poznajemy, o tyle poznajemy, o ile to coś ma w sobie ten atrybut czy parametr.
W filozofii mówi się o inteligibilności bytu, a więc o takiej jego właściwości, dzięki której może być on poznany, czyli ujęty intelektualnie. Bytem jest to, co „jest”, co istnieje. A jeżeli istnieje, to może być i jest przedmiotem poznawania intelektualnego. Istniejący byt przemawia, opowiada, manifestuje swoją obecność. Wyraźnie daje znać o sobie. Może nawet i prosi czy błaga: poznaj mnie!
I teraz to, co najpiękniejsze:
 
[…] podstawą inteligibilności jest transcendentalna prawda, czyli ponadkategorialna relacja przyporządkowania bytu do intelektu; poznawalność i prawdziwość opierają się na transcendentaliach takich, jak rzecz, jedność i odrębność, ściśle związanych z pierwszymi zasadami bytu i myślenia: tożsamości, niesprzeczności, wyłączonego środka i racji dostatecznej; opierając się na tych zasadach (znanych intuicyjnie każdemu człowiekowi – principia per se nota), poznaje się rzeczywistość oraz przeprowadza rozumowanie” (zob. P. Jaroszyński. Inteligibilność. Encyklopedia katolicka. T. 7 kol. 356).

Aż prosi się powiedzieć: Szanowny Czytelniku, niech Twój umysł pracuje, niech Twoja inteligencja nie umiera. Myśl i poznawaj! Po prostu odważnie myśl – poznając i poznawaj – myśląc. Niech to się spełnia podług ewangelijnego wezwania: „Zostaw umarłym grzebanie ich umarłych, a ty idź i głoś Królestwo Boże!” (Łk 9,60).
 
Ks. Bogusław Drożdż
Redaktor naczelny

Legnica, 8 grudnia 2020 r., w uroczystość Niepokalanego Poczęcia Najświętszej Maryi Panny
 

ARTYKUŁY


Ks. Bogusław Drożdż
CHURCH-FORMAL STAGES OF REACHING THE INITIATION OF THE BEATIFICATION PROCESS OF HENRY II THE PIOUS IN THE LEGNICA DIOCESE
Abstract. By the decision of Bishop Zbigniew Kiernikowski, the day of 5 June, 2021 became the date of commencement of the beatification process of the Servant of God Henry II the Pious in the Legnica diocese. This historic event was preceded by many facts that dates back to the 1st Synod of the Diocese of Legnica (2007-2012) and go through the work of two specially appointed working teams. Then the diocese received the consent of the Polish Episcopal Conference and finally the Holy See.
Key words: Henry II the Pious, beatification process, 1st synod of the diocese of Legnica, nihil  obstat  of  the  Holy  See,  nihil  obstat  of  the  Polish  Episcopal  Conference,  postulator,  martyrdom, in odium fidei


Paulina Jabłońska
PENALIZATION OF ABORTION IN CANON AND SECULAR LAW
Abstract. The object of the article is the analysis of law regulations of an abortion in polish law and in canon law. The main goal of the article is to show the motivations by which the legislator was guided when he decided to penalize the act of abortion. The article also shows the differences between penalization of the crime in both law orders. To match the goal, it was necessary to make a characteristic of the regulation in the both law orders according to the applicable law documents. The main of these documents are: the Law about family planning, protection of an embryo of man and requirements of admissibility of an abortion (1993.01.07), the Criminal Code (1997.06.06) in the polish law order and the Code of Canon Law in the canon law order.
Key words: child conceived, abortion, polish law, canonic law, life, health.


Dawid Kopa
STILL ON SAINT ADALBERT’S LETTERS
Abstract. The article describes the letter as a literary genre. The structure of a medieval letter is mentioned. The article contributes to the discussion about the current state of knowledge of the letters by Saint Adalbert. It analyses data about famous Saint Adalbert letters which are included in his medieval hagiographies. It verifies Aleksandra Starowicz’s research perspective adopted in her article entitled The Traces of Epistolography in Medieval Hagiographies of Saint Adalbert.
Key words: literary studies, epistolography, Middle Ages, Saint Adalbert, ars dictandi.


O. Maksym Adam Kopiec OFM
CATHOLIC VISION OF A FAMILY AND PRO-FAMILY ACTIVITY IN THE CURRENT SOCIO-CULTURAL CONTEXT
Abstract. The article concerns the familiological issue in the Christian vision of pro-family social activity. First, the common nature of the person was discussed, with explanation of its central place in society. Then, the relationship between the person and the family that is understood as the basic social unit was brought up. The social teaching of the Church defines the key terms for common life and indicates the rules governing intra-social relationships, so that they guarantee respect for the rights of every human being, show moral obligations and the necessity of mutual responsibility for the common good, to which everyone, according to the principle of love and social justice, should have an access.
Key words: a person, society, family, pro-family policy, principles of social life.


Ks. Joachim Nowak, ks. Martin Taraj
THE MEANING OF THE INCULTURATION OF THE LITURGY
Abstract. Inculturation concerns the history of Christianity and is an event that covers every cultural area of the world. Inculturation is as old as the Bible itself. It is universal in nature, i.e. it includes all people, everywhere and at all times. The inculturation of the liturgy is about the inculturation of worship, and it was ultimately the focus of the reform work that was begun at the Second Vatican Council. This inculturation concerns not only the Young Churches, the so-called mission countries, but also the “old Christian” countries of Europe. Since inculturation is a phenomenon “Through the Church, with the Church and in the Church”, the liturgy should also participate fully in pastoral work.
Key words: inculturation, liturgy, historical processes, Church, Second Vatican Council.


Paweł Przybytek, Piotr Przybytek
IRISH-GERMAN AND IRISH-FRENCH CONTACTS FROM 1919-1921 AS ASSESSED BY THE DAILY “ILLUSTRATED DAILY COURIER” (PART I)
Abstract. The widely read Krakow daily, “Illustrated Daily Courier”, sympathizing with the Irish fighting for independence in 1919-1921 seems to show understanding for them even when they seek allies not only in Americans, French, Belgians, or Jews, but even in hostile to Poland Germans and the Soviets. Despite the fact that IKC displayed nationalist tendencies especially against hostile neighboring countries.
Key words: “Illustrated Daily Courier”, Ireland, Great Britain, United States, Germany, France, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Jews, Russian Soviet Republic, the Catholic church.


Ks. Jan Rajczakowski
TOPICALITY OF THE SALESIAN PREVENTIVE SYSTEM IN THE WORK OF EVANGELIZATION OF CONTEMPORARY YOUTH
Abstract. Education in accordance with the spirit of the Salesian preventive system is a proposal of a particular anthropological vision of a human being, which enables the pupils to discover their own abilities. This system, based upon three pillars: intellect, religion and love, helps the young people to understand what kind of people they should be in order to realize themselves as fully free and rational people. Bearing in mind the damage that is currently occurring in the field of upbringing and education of the young generation, the education system of Fr. Bosco remains extremely relevant and needed.
Key words: preventive system, St. John Bosco, education, youth, Salesians, evangelization, intellect, religion, love, oratory.


Rafał Szopa
Abstract. How to defend free will? There is an ongoing debate in science between determinism, libertarianism and compatibilism. This discussion is becoming clearer at the level of neuroscience and economics. Taken together, libertarianism and compatibilism are the most probable answer whether the free will is really free or not. These two approaches to the free will show the complexity of the issue at the same time. On the individual level, it seems to be that the human being is free in the libertarian sense. However, living in a society and benefiting from this fact, freedom begins to be restricted so that the human being to be predictable. In this way, libertarianism becomes to be determined to compatibilism. Libertarianism and compatibilism present the most coherent concept of human freedom. Determinism, on the other hand, can be treated as a factor narrowing libertarianism to compatibilism.
Key words: economic approach, determinism, libertarianism, compatibilism, free will.


O. Kajetan Jerzy Uljasz OFM
WRONG LEEDS AND A FIRST-BORN SIN ACCORDING TO SAINT AUGUSTINE
Abstract. We were and still are tought by Sain Augustin that pride and the effects of pride cause departure from God. In the article were discussed the issues of pride, evil existing in the word, sin,free will, the unity of soul and body and the nature of good given us from Creator. Following the way of God we can get all the favors. The choice always depends on the human being. The aspiration of every human being should be happiness but not in material, but in spiritual things. Nowadays we should pay particular attention to these issues as well as discover with new eyes the wisdom from the lessons of great saints and the doctors of the church.
Key words: God, Saint Augustyn, human being, desirt for happiness, soul, doby, sin, original sin, evil, misery, pride, death, free will, goodness, desires, naturt of good.


Ks. Patryk Zarzeczny PERSONALISTIC VISION OF A PERSON IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF ANTONIO ROSMINI
Abstract. Antonio Rosmini can be justifiably called a precursor of the personalism. He made a person the center of his philosophy like no one before him. Rosmini made a distinction between a person, man, subject, individual and human nature. He elaborated a definition of a person strongly affirming its substantive, individual, dynamic and relational dimension. He also pointed to the ontological perfection of the person and its absolute dignity.
Key words: person, personalism, Rosmini, subject, individual, principle, human nature, dignity.
 

TEKSTY ŹRÓDŁOWE

Ks. Adam Szpotański
Ks. Adam Szpotański  

RECENZJE I OMÓWIENIA
 
Ks. Adam Szpotański
Andrzej Fedorowicz
Gladiatorzy z obozów śmierci
Warszawa 2020 ss. 264

Ks. Adam Szpotański
Piotr Pytlakowski
Ich matki, nasi ojcowie. Niewygodna historia powojennej Polski
Poznań 2020 ss. 317

Ks. Adam Szpotański
Wojciech Kucharski
Komuniści i Watykan. Polityka komunistycznej Polski
wobec Stolicy Apostolskiej 1945-1974
Warszawa 2019 ss. 528

Janusz Stefaniak
Jan Ryszard Sielezin
Na obrzeżach historii. Ks. Prałat Dominik Kostial: życie
i działalność duszpasterska (30 I 1899-17 VII 1974)
Jelenia Góra 2020

Ks. Adam Szpotański
Artur Ochał
Tajemnice strażnicy WOP w Konarach (1945-1947).
Szabrownictwo, dezercje, morderstwo
Szczecin 2020 ss. 222

Mieczysław Kuriański
Ks. Józef Mandziuk
Żeńskie wspólnoty zakonne w (archi)diecezji wrocławskiej
Warszawa 2020, ss. 584


http://centrum.diecezja.legnica.pl/perspectiva/perspectiva37




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